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Healthy Ingredient Substitutions - Bakerette

Healthy Ingredient Substitutions

Don’t have an ingredient on hand? Try substituting one of these ingredients for eggs, dairy, spices, sugars, and more.

Don't have an ingredient on hand? Try substituting one of these ingredients for eggs, dairy, spices, sugars, and more. Bakerette.com

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  • Allspice(1 teaspoon) – mix together 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon ginger, and 1/4 teaspoon cloves
  • Arrowroot starch(1 teaspoon)
    • 1 tablespoon flour or
    • 1 teaspoon cornstarch
  • Baking powder(1 teaspoon)
    • mix together 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar plus 1/4 teaspoon baking soda or
  • Beer(1 cup)
    • 1 cup nonalcoholic beer or
    • 1 cup vegetable broth
  • Brandy(1/4 cup) – 1 teaspoon imitation brandy extract plus enough water to make 1/4 cup
  • Bread crumbs, dry(1/4 cup)
    • 3/4 cup soft bread crumbs, or
    • 1/4 cup cracker crumbs, or
    • 1/4 cup cornflake crumbs, or
    • 2/3 cup rolled oats
  • Brown sugar(1 cup, packed)
    • whisk together 1 cup granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup molasses and decrease the liquid in the recipe by 1/4 cup or
    • 1 cup white sugar or
    • 1 1/4 cups confectioners’ sugar or
    • 1 cup dark evaporated cane juice (i.e., Sucanat)
  • Butter (1 cup)
    • 1 cup non-hydrogenated nondairy butter (i.e., Earth Balance) or
    • mix together 1 cup shortening plus 1/2 teaspoon salt; or
    • mix together 7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 teaspoon salt;
  • Buttermilk(1 cup)
    • whisk together 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar (i.e., apple cider or white balsamic) with enough unsweetened soy milk to make 1 cup (let stand for 5 minutes before using) or
    • whisk together 1 cup unsweetened soy milk plus1-3/4 tsp cream of tartar
  • Chocolate, German sweet cooking(4 squares or 4 oz.) – 1/4 cup unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1/3 cup sugar and 3 tablespoons shortening
  • Chocolate, semisweet (1 square)
    • 1 (1 oz.) square of unsweetened chocolate plus 4 teaspoons sugar; or
    • 1 oz. dairy-free semisweet chocolate chips plus 1 teaspoon shortening
  • Chocolate, unsweetened(1 square) – 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1 tablespoon shortening or cooking oil
  • Chocolate Chips, semisweet(1 cup) – 1 cup dairy free chocolate candies; or
    • 1 cup peanut butter or other flavored chips; or
    • 1 cup chopped nuts; or
    • 1 cup chopped dried fruit
  • Cocoa, unsweetened(1/4 cup) – one (1 oz.) square unsweetened chocolate
  • Coffee creamer(1 cup) – mix together 1 cup soy or rice milk powder with 1 tablespoon vanilla powder and 1/4 cup powdered sugar
  • Cornstarch(1 tablespoon) – Use 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour (for thickening)
  • Corn Syrup, light(1 cup)
    • whisk together 1-1/4 cup sugar plus 1/3 cup water; or
    • 1 cup agave; or
    • 1 cup light treacle syrup
  • Corn Syrup, dark(1 cup)
    • 3/4 cup light corn syrup plus 1/4 cup molasses; or
    • 1 cup light corn syrup
  • Cracker crumbs(1 cup)
    • 1 cup bread crumbs; or
    • 1 cup matzo meal; or
    • 1 cup ground oats
  • Cream, half and half(1 cup) – mix together 1/2 cup full-fat coconut milk with 1/2 cup unsweetened nondairy milk
  • Cream, heavy(1 cup)
    • mix together 3/4 cup soy milk plus 1/3 cup melted non-hydrogenated dairy-free butter; or
    • 1 cup soy creamer; or
    • 1 cup full-fat unsweetened coconut milk or coconut cream
  • Cream, light(1 cup) – 3/4 cup soy milk plus 3 tablespoons melted non-hydrogenated dairy free butter (i.e., Earth Balance)
  • Cream of tartar(1 tsp) – 2 tsp lemon juice or vinegar
  • Egg, whole(1)
    • 1/4 cup silken tofu pureed; or
    • 3 tablespoons Vegenaise; or
    • half a banana mashed with 1/2 tsp baking powder; or
    • 1 tablespoon powdered flax seed soaked in 3 tablespoons water
    • 1 tablespoon ground chia seed soaked in 3 tablespoons water
  • Egg white(1) – mix together 1 1/2 teaspoons Ener-G egg replacer powder plus 2 tablespoons warm water
  • Egg, hard boiled (1) – extra or super firm tofu
  • Evaporated milk(1 cup) – mix together 2/3 cup dry soy or rice milk power with 3/4 cup water
  • Fats for baking(1 cup)
    • 1 cup applesauce; or
    • 1 cup fruit puree
  • Flour, bread(1 cup) – sift together 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 teaspoon wheat gluten (available at health food stores & some supermarkets)
  • Flour, cake(1 cup) – 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • Flour, self-rising(1 cup) – sift together 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 teaspoon baking powder, 1/2 teaspoon salt, and 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
  • Food coloring– look for all-natural plant-based food dyes
  • Garlic clove(1)
    • 1/2 tsp bottled minced garlic or
    • 1/8 tsp garlic powder; or
    • 1/2 tsp garlic salt–reduce salt in recipe
  • Gelatin(1 tablespoon, granulated) – 2 teaspoons agar agar
  • Ginger, dry(1 teaspoon) – 2 teaspoons chopped fresh ginger
  • Ginger, fresh(1 teaspoon, minced) – 1/2 teaspoon ground dried ginger
  • Green onion(1/2 cup, chopped)
    • 1/2 cup chopped onion; or
    • 1/2 cup chopped leek; or
    • 1/2 cup chopped shallots
  • Hazelnuts(1 cup whole)
    • 1 cup macadamia nuts; or
    • 1 cup almonds
  • Herbs, fresh(1 tablespoon, chopped fresh) – 1 teaspoon (chopped or whole leaf) dried herbs
  • Honey(1 cup)
    • whisk together 1 1/4 cups of sugar plus1/3 cup water; or
    • 1 cup corn syrup; or
    • 1 cup light treacle syrup, or
    • 1 cup agave
  • Hot pepper sauce(1 teaspoon) – 3/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper plus 1 teaspoon vinegar
  • Ketchup(1 cup) – mix together 1 cup tomato sauce plus 1 teaspoon vinegar and 1 tablespoon sugar
  • Lard(1 cup)
    • 1 cup shortening; or
    • 7/8 cup vegetable oil; or
    • 1 cup butter
  • Lemon grass(2 fresh stalks) – 1 tablespoon lemon zest
  • Lemon juice(1 teaspoon)
    • 1/2 teaspoon vinegar; or
    • 1 teaspoon white wine; or
    • 1 teaspoon lime juice
  • Lemon peel, shredded(1 teaspoon) – 1 teaspoon dried lemon peel
  • Lemon zest(1 teaspoon)
    • 1/2 teaspoon lemon extract; or
    • 2 tablespoons lemon juice
  • Lime juice(1 teaspoon)
    • 1 teaspoon vinegar; or
    • 1 teaspoon white wine; or
    • 1 teaspoon lemon juice
  • Lime zest(1 tsp) – 1 tsp lemon zest
  • Macadamia nuts(1 cup)
    • 1 cup almonds; or
    • 1 cup hazelnuts
  • Mace(1 tsp) – 1 teaspoon nutmeg
  • Maple syrup– mix together 1 1/4 cups granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup more liquid.
  • Marshmallows – the only brands I know of are Sweet and Sara or Dandies brands that are available in health food stores or on line.
  • Margarine(1 cup)
    • 1 cup non-hydrogenated dairy-free butter (i.e., Earth Balance) or
    • 1 cup shortening plus 1/4 teaspoon salt; or
    • 7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • Milk, whole(1 cup)
    • 1 cup soy milk; or
    • 1 cup rice milk; or
    • 1 cup water or juice
  • Mint, fresh(1/4 cup chopped) – 1 tablespoon dried mint leaves
  • Molasses(1 cup)
    • 1 cup agave; or
    • mix 3/4 cup brown sugar and 1 teaspoon cream of tartar
  • Mustard, prepared(1 tablespoon)
    • 1/2 tsp dry mustard plus 2 tsp vinegar; or
    • mix 1 tablespoon dry mustard, 1 teaspoon water, 1 teaspoon vinegar, and 1 teaspoon sugar
  • Onion, small chopped(1/3 cup)
    • 1 teaspoon onion powder or
    • 1 tablespoon dried minced onion
  • Orange juice(1 tablespoon) – 1 tablespoon other citrus juice
  • Orange zest(1 tablespoon)
    • 1/2 teaspoon orange extract; or
    • 1 tsp lemon juice
  • Parsley, fresh chopped(1 tablespoon)
    • 1 tablespoon chopped fresh chervil; or
    • 1 teaspoon dried parsley
  • Powdered sugar(1 cup) – 1/2 cup plus 2 tablespoons evaporated cane juice ground in a blender until powdery
  • Raisins(1 cup)
    • 1 cup dried currants; or
    • 1 cup dried cranberries; or
    • 1 cup chopped pitted prunes
  • Rice, white(1 cup, cooked)
    • cup cooked barley; or
    • 1 cup cooked bulgur; or
    • 1 cup cooked brown or 
    • 1 cup wild rice
  • Ricotta(1 cup) – 1 cup extra-firm tofu, crumbled
  • Rum(1 tablespoon) – 1/2 teaspoon rum extract plus enough water to make 1 tablespoon
  • Saffron(1/4 teaspoon) – 1/4 teaspoon turmeric
  • Shallots, chopped(1/2 cup)
    • 1/2 cup chopped onion; or
    • 1/2 cup chopped leek; or
    • 1/2 cup chopped green onion
  • Shortening(1 cup) – 1 cup non-hydrogenated dairy free butter minus 1/2 teaspoon salt from recipe
  • Soy sauce(1/2 cup) – 4 tablespoons Worcestershire sauce mixed with 1 tablespoon water
  • Stevia, dry (1 packet) – 2 teaspoons refined white sugar; (24 packets) 1 cup refined white sugar
  • Stevia, liquid(1/4 teaspoon) – 2 teaspoons refined white sugar; (2 1/2 teaspoons) 1 cup refined white sugar
  • Stevia, powder (1/16 teaspoon) – 2 teaspoons refined white sugar; (1 1/2 teaspoons) 1 cup refined white sugar
  • Sugar, white granulated(1 cup)
    • 1 cup packed brown sugar; or
    • 1 1/4 cups confectioners’ sugar; or
    • 3/4 cup agave; or
    • 3/4 cup corn syrup
  • Sweetened condensed milk– On low heat, mix together 3 cups soy milk and 1 cup evaporated cane juice and bring to a simmer until liquid reduces to 1 cup. If necessary, strain out any lumps before using.
  • Tomato Juice(1 cup) – 1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water
  • Tomato sauce(2 cups) – 3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water
  • Vegetable oil–for baking(1 cup) – 1 cup melted vegetable shortening
  • Vinegar(1 teaspoon)
    • 1 teaspoon lemon or
    • 1 teaspoon lime juice; or
    • 2 teaspoons white wine
  • Wine(1 cup)
    • 1 cup fruit juice mixed with 2 teaspoons vinegar; or
    • 1 cup water
  • Xylitol(1 cup ) – 1:1 ratio
  • Yeast, active dry(1 package or .25 oz.)
    • 1 cake compressed yeast; or
    • 2 1/2 teaspoons active dry yeast; or
    • 2 1/2 teaspoons rapid rise yeast

If you know of other substitutions you have used that are vegan friendly, I’d love to hear what’s worked for you!

About Jen

Jen is owner, author, and creative mind behind Bakerette. Jen eats a vegan diet and recently converted Bakerette to a plant-based website that offers a smattering of healthful recipes! Jen is author of the cookbook Festive Feasts: Meals and Memories from Halloween to Christmas, which can be purchased online at Amazon or Barnes & Noble.

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