Love spring & fall gardens? For a garden with pop, plant pansies. Learn all about pansies and how to care for these cold-hardy, easy to plant, and low maintenance flowers.
Pansies are cold-hardy plants. They are the perfect annuals because they bloom in late fall, early winter, and early spring. Plant them in the fall and they will lie dormant through the winter snow and re-bloom in the spring! They are that hardy. And yet, they appear so delicate. They are very popular among growers because they are easy to plant and require very little maintenance. They are also very good for container gardening.
Plant pansies in the spring and fall. They are cold-hardy, easy to plant, and require very little maintenance. Learn all about pansies and how to are for them.
The pansy is linked to viola, its ancestor. The viola contains 500 species! Colors have 3 basic patterns: (1) single and clear, such as the yellow or blue; (2) single color with black lines flowing from its center; and (3) the “face”, which has a dark center. This last one is the most familiar and is featured here.
Did you know that pansies are edible? Huh? They are high in vitamins A and C and can be used to garnish salads and soups, or to flavor honeys and syrups. For historical purposes, they were used by the Greeks for herbal medicinal purposes.
Pansies are fragrant with a delicate perfume-like aura and are often used for potpourri–especially the yellow and blue varieties because they are the most fragrant.
Common Name: Pansy
Genus: Viola (vy-OH-la)
Species: x wittrockiana (wit-rok-ee-AH-na)
Category: Annual, Tropicals and Tender Perennials
Height: 6-12 inches
Spacing: 6-9 inches
Hardiness: USDA Zone 7a-10b
Sun Exposure: Full sun to partial shade
Bloom Colors: Coral, apricot, orange, blue-violet, violet/lavender, purple, maroon
Bloom time: Blooms repeatedly
Water: Water regularly; do not over water. Suitable for containers.
Soil pH: 5.6 (acidic) to 7.5 (neutral)
Propagation Methods: Divide the rootball; from herbaceous stem cuttings; from seed, sow indoors before last frost or direct sow after last frost; by stooling or mound layering
Seed Collecting: Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed; allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds. Properly cleaned, the seed can be successfully stored.
Pests and Diseases: Pansies are relatively disease and pest free, however, they can be bothered with aphids, spider mites, slugs, root rot, leaf spot, and mildew. At first sign, treat with organic or chemical insect repellents and fungicide (my preference is organic so as not to repel winged creatures. See my post on Inviting Pollinators to Our Gardens)
If you like this post, you might like these other gardening posts on Bakerette:
To add interest, height, and variety to your garden, plant the Cleome hassleriana flower
10 spring garden tips to get your veggie garden started off right!